Our Yemeni people and our Arab nation celebrate the 58th anniversary of the 14th of October revolution after celebrating the 59th anniversary of the 26th of September revolution. The war of national liberation erupted a few months after the national revolution in Sana’a.
The redeemed heroes who fought in the north and north of the north in defense of the September 26 revolution in the first days returned with their weapons to Radfan, and the British colonizer asked them to surrender their weapons, but they refused, and fought the struggle first from the countryside, then from within the neighborhoods of Aden; To score the glory of independence.
Within four years and a few weeks, the National Front achieved the glory of independence and national dignity. In record time, the Front, consisting of seven organizations, most of which came from nationalist trends, from the countryside, and from officers and soldiers led by the Arab Nationalist Movement, managed to achieve independence and restore national dignity.
The powerful Socialist People’s Party, the League of the Sons of the South, and some sultans bet on a negotiated independence, but hopes were dashed. Independence was wrested through armed struggle after the front was able to move it to the neighborhoods and streets of Aden, and to attract a wide sector of trade unions: the six unions, and the institutions of the two societies: civil and civil, who strongly supported the revolution of September 26, 1962. The Socialist People’s Party, and with it the League, remained strong Many civilians are not in favor of armed struggle, with their adherence to United Nations resolutions, specifically the 1949 resolution issued on 12/14/1960 to grant independence to colonial countries and peoples.
Just as the people of the south fought in the north in defense of the September revolution, so Taiz, Ibb and al-Bayda formed a background for the revolution of the fourteenth of October 1963. As for the Adeniya press, civil and civil society institutions, the press in its various directions, and the political elites, they stood by the September revolution, and supported the recruitment to protect it. The north was mostly supportive of the revolution in the south.
Liberation Front and Forced Integration
The expansion of the armed struggle, and its extension to more than one region, especially Aden – the center of the British base, the expansion of the scope of those who joined the armed struggle, and the broad support for the National Front nationally, Arably and internationally – are among the reasons for establishing the Liberation Front. By involving the Socialist People’s Party and the League in the negotiations at a certain level, then the Egyptian-Saudi rapprochement, and Egypt’s desire for calm in the north due to the splits taking place in the Republican rank, and the bad role of the Egyptian power centers against the Yemeni revolution, and against the National Front in particular, and the insistence of the leaders of the armed struggle on independence- All pushed the current rejecting the armed struggle to form the Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Yemen as a reaction to the disappointment in Britain’s implementation of its promises to grant independence. and independence.
There was something like a race between the formation of the British colonialism of a false entity that maintains the survival of the military base and guarantees its interests, and the orientation of the Egyptian centers of power hostile to the National Front and its revolutionary liberation approach aimed at establishing subordinate entities – all of this led to the imposition of forced integration on January 13, 1966; To split the national front, and impose the option of bargaining with Britain and Saudi Arabia.
The book setback of the revolution, which was issued and printed in Damascus in the name of Abdullah Abdul-Ilah (Abdul-Malik al-Tayyib), presented by Professor Abdullah Salam Naji, talks about the importance of reforming the relationship with neighbors; Britain in the south, and Saudi Arabia in the north.
Abdel Nasser had begun to sense the danger of the evil tripartite alliance: the American, the Israeli, and the Arab reactionary, so he sincerely began the efforts to reconcile with Saudi Arabia and the truce in Yemen, but the conspiracy had gone a long way towards June 5, 1967, which was referred to by Professor Muhammad Hassanein. Haykal in “The Thirty Years’ War of Al-Fajr”, pp. 231-234-243, 347-371.
The leadership and bases of the National Front rejected the forced integration, and announced on January 13, 1967, the abolition of the merger, and the escalation to resolve the battle, which was achieved on the thirtieth of November 1967. The National Front won the glory of independence, built a revolutionary and progressive entity, and achieved great and wonderful achievements in many aspects in the Building a strong public sector, in agriculture, education, national integration, and the unification of 22 sultanates. It pursued a distinguished foreign policy in the third world, and it was a kiss and a haven for the free and revolutionaries of the Arab world. What happened to the collapse of one of the most important experiences of national liberation globally?! We ask with love and sincerity.
The movement’s leadership was not democratic, neither before nor after independence in any sense, and despite its rupture with the National Center in Beirut, Nayef Hawatmeh’s transformation on the two fronts: democracy and the people to Marxism had a significant impact and presence in the experience, and the repressive and blind measures were against civil society institutions Parties and the press, even supporters and relatives, were extremely cruel, and the economic measures in nationalizations were extremely revealing and barbaric: nationalizing shops, homes, cinemas, fishing boats, imposing the same direction and color, confiscating liberties, suppressing the different, and bloody liquidations. Absolutely socialist, and the estrangement with its Arab environment is unbalanced.
In all the experiences of national liberation and left-wing national revolutions, the so-called social democracy was given precedence over politics, and enmity was created between them. The issue has a relationship to the dispute between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, and between the Stalinist approach, European socialism, and even between Leninism and Stalinism; Which had disastrous results within the Soviet experience itself, and the intellectual borrowing and dependence were great on the fourteenth of October, then the victory with arms against British colonialism was as much as the glory of the National Front, and the correctness of its vision and position as much as it became the Achilles heel in approach and practice after independence; The leaders of the armed struggle believed that “political power springs from the barrel of a gun” – the Maoist maxim. Not only that, but they illusion that weapons are the only means of resolving internal conflicts in the face of the political opponent, and obsession has developed into using it in internal disputes, and the victors may have imagined that weapons against Great Britain are the best way, the way, and the only tool to solve the dilemmas and tasks of the national democratic revolution.
The absence of political freedoms led to the loss of the achievements gained in other fields. Indeed, the machinations of Arab reaction and imperialism had a great impact in pushing the pioneering experiment towards militarization, and forcing it to continually strive for weapons. To protect its security and experience.