Today, the majority of Yemenis celebrate the anniversary of the September 26 revolution, 59 years since the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the Yemen Arab Republic in the northern part.
The republicans set goals for the revolution, which were divided between freedom from tyranny and the establishment of a just republican rule, the elimination of class differences, the building of an army that would protect the country, economic development, building a democratic society and working to achieve unity.
To the extent that these goals carried human values and attempted to build a society based on common denominators to achieve a republican state cohesive in people and authority, the revolution managed to advance in some of them and failed to achieve some.
The revolution has achieved the establishment of the dignity of the Republic in the hearts of Yemeni society. After this revolution, Yemen cannot go on in a monarchy state, even if the authority remained in periods of time that resembled a family, such as the regime of former President Ali Abdullah Saleh. However, Yemeni society refuses to change the republican system to royal system.
Throughout its history, the republic was able to provide equal opportunities in the public service, albeit in a relative manner, especially during the era of Presidents Ibrahim al-Hamdi and Ali Saleh, and progressed in service projects such as building educational schools, opening discussion to unify the northern and southern parts of Yemen, expanding the circle of cultural and monetary debate and the growing level of mobility Journalist and media and criticism of power and freedom of expression.
On the other hand, the Republicans were unable to build a coherent state after the revolution and to present a reform program in line with the Arab world and the world, which is advancing at an accelerating pace every day.
The post-revolution environment has shaped conflicts between republicans that negatively reflected on the project of building the republic and achieving its goals, and this is the result of several reasons, including: the republicans’ division in post-national identities, that is, the republicans practiced the process of change with contradictory national and intellectual motives for each other.
The identity of the republican leaders was divided between: the nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser, the identity of the Muslim Brotherhood with the reference of Hassan construction, the Iraqi Baath and the Syrian Baath, and international socialism.
These contradictory intellectual and epistemological identities constituted a clash of identities, that is, a difference in the practice of transformative action by the republicans in the power of the republic. Nationalist republicans imagine that Yemen is only part of Arab geography led by Egypt, (the leading geographical square), according to Nasserist thought, while Islamists see the Republic of Yemen withdrawing from the Islamic project and melting into it; To restore – according to the idea of good construction – (the Islamic Caliphate), as for the socialists, the ambiguity of change for them as a state of structural class struggle, between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, and the necessity of fulfilling Marx’s call for “the unity of the workers in the world”, of which Yemen is a part, led to the republic’s project being crumpled by this Contrasting identities.
These contradictory identities at the head of the republic’s power led to clashes, and thus the revolution delayed the achievement of the republic’s goals.
The active variable, which contributed to obstructing the building of the republic, remains the sharp Saudi interventions in Yemeni affairs, beginning with its support for the royalists against the republicans, and then the support of a number of sheikhs against the developmental transformation during the era of President Ibrahim al-Hamdi, who ended with his killing by planning the Saudi military consul in Sanaa, Then its interventions against the unitary act between the two parts of the north and the south, ending with the attempt to dominate the democratic transition in Yemen after the February 11 revolution, 2011.
The February 11 revolution, in which the majority of Yemenis from Saada to Aden participated, attempted to bring about a correction at the head of power, which is to break the monopoly of power and the monopoly of wealth, reduce corruption in its institutions, and enter into an inclusive dialogue that includes all Yemeni political forces and groups in the National Dialogue Conference In 2013, however, Abd Rabbo’s attempt to be alone in the outcomes of the dialogue, such as imposing a certain form for the regions, without the participation of the rest of the political parties, in addition to the attempt of Saudi Arabia and Western countries to dominate the future of Yemen; This led to the outbreak of conflict again.
Now happening six years of war. Although Saudi Arabia had a hand in destroying the course of the revolutionary action in building the Republic of Yemen, the post-national identities of the Yemeni political forces created a cave at the head of the authority in which all the elements of development and construction were swallowed up, and made it easier for external incomes to dig and expand that black cave.