A European diplomatic report concludes that Iran’s attempts to gain more time before returning to the Vienna negotiations, which have been stalled since last June, are based on two correlative backgrounds. First, the prevarication and gaining time to proceed with the escalation of nuclear enrichment operations, accompanied by fueling the interventions in the countries of the region, as is clear in particular in Yemen and Lebanon, and secondly, continuing to bet on American setbacks, whether in Afghanistan or even in the region, on the basis of the assumption that it is easy for him to hold a contract Compromising with the “Taliban” will make it easier to make reconciliations with Iran.
On August 20, a member of the Iranian Parliament’s National Security Committee, Zahra Al-Hayan, said that negotiations to revive the nuclear agreement will continue with the government of Ibrahim Raisi, “however, the negotiation model will change,” criticizing the negotiations during the era of Hassan Rouhani’s government, considering that they were without results. Therefore, the negotiations that the government will conduct will be different. Since then, Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian has repeatedly said that Tehran is studying the results of the six rounds of negotiations, which began in March, and that it will return to Vienna soon!
Always Soon, which aroused ridicule and suspicion in Washington and its European partners, especially since the word “soon” coincided with Tehran’s announcements of a significant increase in centrifuges, raising the percentage of uranium enrichment to 60 percent, and an increase in irony, when the stories of withdrawal were The American from Afghanistan dominates the discussions of the United Nations General Assembly. Abdullahian did not hesitate to say: “People constantly ask about the meaning of (soon), does it mean days or months… The difference between (soon) for Iran and the West is great, for us (soon) It means when our review of the nuclear file ends, (soon) it means as soon as the studies are finished, and there is a difference between (soon) the Iranian and (soon) the West.”
At the end of last week, Abdullahian repeated the word “soon”, but this time from Beirut, after Tehran had announced that it now has six armies in the countries of the region, which it considered an “army without borders”, similar to the repeated message to Washington. Last Monday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said that negotiations will resume soon, stressing that the Iranian delegation will not negotiate a new text, which raises questions about Zahrat El-Hayan’s statement that Iran wants to change the negotiation model, which seemed to be Russia’s representative to international organizations. Mikhail Ulyanov responds to him by saying that the Vienna negotiations on the nuclear agreement should not be resumed from scratch, after it made significant and useful progress in the previous rounds.
Weeks ago, “POLITICO” website quoted Robert Malley, the US special envoy to Iran, as saying that the fate of returning to the nuclear agreement has become a source of great question, and that this return is no longer in the hands of the United States, criticizing Iran for its lack of seriousness and commitment, and that the American side is preparing for a scenario Failure with the Iranians, and revealed that one of the elements of this scenario is signing a separate agreement according to completely different criteria, or resorting to a series of punitive measures in conjunction with European allies, especially if Iran continues to take provocative nuclear steps, and continues its provocative regional interventions, this means moving away from the agreement. Commenting on this, for example, the question rises in Beirut:
When Iran and Hezbollah openly threaten to expel the United States from Lebanon, as well as from Syria and Iraq, and when the Houthis’ aggression continues with Iranian drones and weapons against Saudi Arabia, and threats are directed at the Gulf states, does this not constitute an extension of the challenges and destabilizing interventions in the region?
On a parallel line of escalation and defiance, Iran continues to broadcast successive announcements of increasing nuclear enrichment and increasing centrifuges, which is what Angela Merkel, whose country is participating in Germany in the Vienna talks, called for saying in Tel Aviv in response to Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, He declared that while the world is waiting for the Iranian response to return to the Vienna negotiations, the centrifuges are spinning in Iran and working hard: “The issue has become more urgent, and the international community must do everything to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, especially after the latter announced that it Now it owns more than 120 kilograms of uranium enriched to 20 percent.” 2015 who doesn’t let her have this!
And when US President Joe Biden announced, almost two months ago, that Iran would not obtain a nuclear weapon while I was in the White House, Iran increased its escalation of enrichment operations, and tried to obstruct the work of the International Nuclear Energy Agency’s monitors. Indeed, it announced on the fourth of this month. Within a year, it will restore the operation of the Arak nuclear reactor, which was suspended under the agreement in 2015.
With the worsening economic crisis in Iran and the escalation of popular demonstrations and protests during the past months, the Iranian regime seemed to be beating the drums of nuclear escalation and subversive intervention in the countries of the region, betting on the decline of American strategic interests from the region to China and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. On the fifth of this month, it seemed that there is Iranian hints to Washington call for the necessity of what Abdollahian called “a goodwill step or some concession in exchange for a return to Vienna”!
But US officials refused to make any concessions to Tehran in return for its return to negotiations, and the American “Axios” website said, early last week, that President Biden’s aides will inform the Israelis of Washington’s commitment to diplomacy with Iran regarding the nuclear negotiations, but it will take other ways if these negotiations fail, When asked about the measures being studied, and whether they include military options, they said: “We will be ready to take the necessary measures.”
In this context, Abdullahian, in a direct interview with Iranian television, on the third of this month, called on the United States to release ten billion dollars of frozen funds as a precondition for returning to negotiations: “If the Americans have a real intention, let them release some Prohibited Iranian assets!
But the assumption implicitly presented by the American Institute for the Defense of Democracy linking America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan and its retreat from confronting its opponents in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, as evidence that the Iranian hypothesis that says that those who make settlements with the Taliban will make it easy for them to make reconciliations with Iran, is not is true and is not a rule; First, because the withdrawal from Afghanistan has become a thorn in Iran’s side, as evidenced by what happened, for example, in Kunduz, and secondly, when the warning that Iran is on the verge of producing a nuclear weapon emerges, which pushes one of two things to the fore:
Either return to Vienna to revive the revised agreement, to include missiles and Iranian interference in all countries of the region, or go to the American-Israeli “Plan-B”, or continue to bite the fingers, and escalate the destabilizing Iranian interventions in the region, which in Lebanon specifically exceeded the diesel fuel. The Iranian, to the threat to fight American interests, and to Abdullahian’s recent offers to establish two electricity plants and tunnels, at a time when he forgot that he was asking the Americans for a payment on the account to return to Vienna… Strange!