Agency: Houthi militia is on the verge of controlling the city of Marib .. and generous support for the war


Anadolu Agency revealed generous multilateral support for the war in Yemen, the smartest party in the conflict, and how the scales shifted during six years of war.

The agency said, in an analytical report, that six years of grinding war in Yemen between the internationally recognized government and the armed Houthi movement, and behind them Saudi Arabia and the UAE on the one hand, and Iran on the other; Saudi Arabia directly intervened in the war at the end of March 2015, with the aim of ending the Houthi coup against the government of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, and returning the latter to power, while Iran strongly supported the Houthi group, and since then Tehran has succeeded in what Riyadh seems to have failed.

The report added that during the past two years, the Houthi militia had taken the initiative, switched from defense to attack, and regained control over strategic sites that it had lost during the years of war, and was on the verge of controlling the city of Ma’rib (east of the capital, Sana’a), the country’s source of oil and gas.

Observers attribute the change in the conflict equation in Yemen largely to the regional supporters of the two sides of the conflict, as Tehran has intensively supported the Houthi group on several levels, while support on the other side appeared dispersed, according to the agency.

The agency referred to the Iranian support for the Houthi militia, as the Iranian diplomacy was keen to state repeatedly that Tehran had no direct hand in the war in Yemen, but its military leaders were more frank, as indicated by Major General Ghulam Rashid, a leader in the Revolutionary Guards, that the Houthi forces Among the six armies outside Iran’s borders will fight for Tehran.

Rashid said that Major General Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Quds Force of the Revolutionary Guards, told the Iranian joint military command, before he was killed by an American raid, that he had established six armies outside Iranian territory, including the Houthi group in Yemen.

Iran relies on extensive smuggling and clandestine financial networks to support the Houthis, given the arms embargo on Yemen.

According to the agency, the Saudi-led Arab coalition controls the Yemeni ports, and the arrival of the Iranian ambassador to the Houthis, Hassan Erlo, to Sanaa was an important event, which reinforced the government’s accusations of Tehran smuggling experts from the Revolutionary Guards and the Lebanese “Hezbollah” to fight in Yemen.

The economic assistant to the commander of the “Quds Force”, General Rostom Qasemi, said during his interview with “Russia Today” channel, last April, that Iranian military advisors are present on the side of the Houthis.

Over the past six years, Yemeni government forces, the Arab coalition and the US Navy have intercepted smuggled arms shipments, including drones, and quality missiles.

Qassemi said that all of the weapons the Houthis have are thanks to Iran’s help.

The Iranians smuggle fuel to the Houthis and, to a lesser extent, money. Recently, the Houthis have acquired huge financial returns as a result of royalties from Yemenis, looting of humanitarian aid and more than $4 billion in the central bank, according to the report.

According to an investigation published by the Yemeni “Al-Masdar Online” website, the smuggling process takes place in two stages: by sea and by land.

The agency pointed out that the marine phase is divided into three phases; The first starts from Iranian ports and ends at a specific point between the Sea of ‚Äč‚ÄčOman and Iran, from which the second phase begins, and ends either off the coasts of Oman and Yemen, or it takes another route through shipping from Iran to Thailand, then from Thailand to Yemen, as there is no focus on the coming goods From Thailand to Yemeni ports.

From Thailand to the coasts of Somalia and Djibouti through front companies, and there begins the third phase, which all ends five miles away from the shores of Yemen, as it unloads on small marine boats.

As for the land phase, Al-Masdar Online’s investigation, based on unnamed sources, states that “smuggling through the Sultanate of Oman to Al-Mahra Governorate (eastern Yemen) is one of the main routes, despite the protest of the coalition and the Yemeni government to the Omani authorities.”

According to the report of the United Nations International Panel of Experts, a growing body of evidence indicates that individuals or entities in Iran supply the Houthis with large quantities of weapons and components, and have documented several supply routes to the Houthis in the Arabian Sea, using conventional sailing ships.

The report stated, “Weapons and equipment are transferred in Omani and Somali waters to smaller boats, and these shipments are delivered to ports located on the southern coast of Yemen and smuggled by land to the Houthis, and in some cases, through Bab al-Mandab directly to Houthi-controlled areas.”

The agency pointed to the Saudi support. During the three years of the war, Riyadh provided generous support to the war and the Yemeni government, which was represented in financing the war by disbursing qualitative weapons for the popular resistance, forming camps, participating in air, land and sea combat operations, in addition to receiving the presidency, government and government officials. In Riyadh.

There are no clear records of the extent of Saudi support, but an informed source told Anatolia that the support was granted through the Royal Court, the Special Committee, the intelligence, the leadership of the Arab coalition, the Saudi ambassador, and the King Salman Center for Relief, which left a state of chaos, which was reflected On the course of the war until now.

According to the same source, Saudi Arabia has hired President Hadi, his deputy, the Yemeni government, politicians, diplomats, military, party leaders, leaders, tribesmen, activists and bloggers on social media, and gave them generous financial offers.

The chiefs of the tribes were among the most funded agencies from Riyadh, as it gave them gifts directly, to turn them into warlords.

Due to the high cost and declining oil revenues, Saudi Arabia has reduced subsidies since 2017, and was limited to covering the costs related to the war, which prompted thousands of government affiliated politicians, activists, journalists and party leaders to leave the Kingdom for Cairo and Istanbul.

Currently, the Saudi support is to cover the expenses of President Hadi, his staff residing in Riyadh, and the government and its forces, which are fighting battles against the Houthis, according to the same source.

A military source told Anadolu Agency that Saudi Arabia has relied on money transfer networks, commercial banks and contractors to provide government forces with salaries and logistical support.

Recently, salaries for government forces have been interrupted, and arms shipments from Saudi Arabia have decreased.

Riyadh is reticent about disclosing the amount of support provided to its allies, and it only talks about humanitarian support.

According to Abdullah Al-Rabiah, advisor at the Royal Court and general supervisor of the King Salman Relief Center, Saudi aid provided to Yemen exceeded the $17.3 billion mark.

The report touched on Emirati support, as the UAE was the smartest party in the Yemeni war equation, as it turned from the first months to support factions loyal to it, and strongly supported the military formations it established, and the financial support was going according to one channel, unlike Saudi Arabia.

Abu Dhabi invested its losses in the war by controlling important strategic sites in the country, most notably the island of Socotra and the Yemeni ports, and the Balhaf gas facility, the largest Yemeni project, and its loyalists now control the temporary capital, Aden, and the southern governorates.

The UAE became the controller of the Yemeni corridor through the Southern Transitional Council, and the joint forces on the western coast, as it established these two entities, and they became an effective force on the ground.

Currently, Emirati support is taking place directly, as the UAE pays the cost of salaries for more than 200,000 elements that it said earlier that it established, and each of them receives about $400 per month, equivalent to $80 million that is spent as salaries only.

Like Riyadh, Abu Dhabi lavishes financial grants and gifts to tribal leaders in Hadramawt and Shabwa in exchange for winning loyalty to them.

Recently, the Southern Transitional Council has financed itself through taxes and customs, and through its participation in the government, but Abu Dhabi is still in control of it, and therefore its sources of funding, according to the report of the Anadolu Agency.

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