Agency: Rapid and unprecedented military developments in Yemen… and a setback for the legitimate government in two governorates


Anadolu Agency said that Yemen has been going through rapid and unprecedented military developments for years, amid repeated international and UN efforts to reduce the field escalation between government forces and the Houthis in several governorates, most notably Marib and Hodeidah, the strategic central and western parts of the country.

In a report, it added that in light of the Houthis’ advance in the districts of Marib, the militias took control over the past few days of some vital areas, in the coastal Hodeidah on the Red Sea, after a sudden withdrawal of forces loyal to the internationally recognized government.

The agency considered what happened in Hodeidah as a sudden withdrawal, and the retreat of government forces in Marib, as a setback for the legitimate government in Yemen.

She pointed out that the recent developments in Hodeidah had new humanitarian repercussions in a poor country where most of the population suffers from food insecurity.

According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 6,200 people have been displaced in Hodeidah following the withdrawal of pro-government forces, and the Houthis’ control of many areas.

According to Yemeni human rights reports, the Houthi militia carried out a campaign of arrests against its opponents in the areas it controlled in Hodeidah.

The report pointed out that the humanitarian situation in Marib seems very difficult, in light of the continuing waves of displacement in an unusual way, as the escalation of the conflict in Marib led to the displacement of 93,000 people during last September and October, according to the statement of the Executive Unit for Camp Management. IDPs.

On Monday evening, the United Nations Special Envoy to Yemen, Hans Grundberg, expressed his concern over the developments in the situation in Marib and Hodeidah, stressing the need to reduce the military escalation.

On the same day, the UN mission in Hodeidah confirmed the withdrawal of the joint forces loyal to the government from the city of Hodeidah (the governorate center), and from the districts of Al-Durayhimi and Bait Al-Faqih and parts of the Al-Tuhayta district, and the Houthis took control of them.

The mission stated, in a statement, that “this withdrawal resulted in significant changes to the lines of contact in the governorate,” calling on the government and the Houthis to “open a discussion about the development of Hodeidah.”

The mission said that the withdrawal of the joint forces came without coordination with them, and the government announced that this development came without any guidance from them.

This withdrawal angered the public opinion in Yemen, especially since the former liberation of those areas from the Houthi grip cost the joint forces heavy losses in lives and equipment.

After days of criticism, speculation and explanations about the reasons for the withdrawal of the joint forces, the Arab coalition, led by the neighboring Saudi Arabia, announced on Monday that the “redeployment” of forces in Hodeidah is in line with its future plans.

And coalition spokesman Turki al-Maliki said, in a statement, that “the joint forces in the west coast carried out on Thursday the redeployment and repositioning of their military forces under the directives of the Joint Forces Command of the coalition.”

He added, “The operation was characterized by discipline and flexibility, as planned, and in line with the future plans of the coalition forces.”

Since March 2015, the coalition has been carrying out military operations in Yemen, in support of government forces in the face of the Iranian-backed Houthis, who have controlled governorates, including the capital, Sanaa (north), since September 2014.

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