America and the Sana’a Embassy exam
Thursday, November 25, 2021 at 09:26 PM
The battles raged in and around Marib, and the battle for Marib seems to be a long one.
It is clear that the Houthis (Ansar Allah group) are desperate, on Iranian orders, to seize the city.
It is more clear that they are beginning to face real resistance in light of the intensification of the air flights of the Arab coalition.
Several factors play, at this stage, a role that contradicts the Houthi tendencies.
There are forces that came from the south to support the defenders of Ma’rib.
There is also an interest for the Muslim Brotherhood, represented by the Yemeni Congregation for Reform Party, in preventing the fall of the city, with what this means for the final fall of “legitimacy,” which is already in a deplorable situation.
The Brotherhood is an essential part of this “legitimacy” that has put itself at the service of the Houthis for a long time, especially in the phase before the fall of Sanaa on September 21, 2014.
At that time, interim President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi Al-Tazaki tried, believing that “Ansar Allah” was a charitable organization.
He went so far as to sign the “Peace and Partnership Agreement” with them, the day after they seized Sana’a.
He secured for them the cover of the United Nations, which was represented at that historic Yemeni moment by the envoy of the Secretary-General, Jamal Benomar.
Among the other factors that could help the survival of Ma’rib is the interest of the region’s tribes, such as Ubaidah and Murad, in its defense.
The sons of these tribes know very well the abuse that awaits them in the event the Houthis take over Ma’rib, and it is abuse from a sectarian point of view that Yemen has never known.
What could help relieve the pressure on Marib as well, is the beginning of a change in the American position.
Behind this are Houthi provocations, such as entering the US embassy in Sanaa and detaining Yemenis working there.
It turns out daily that the Houthis are the noble students of the Iranians who have always underestimated the United States, since they held American diplomats in Tehran hostage for 444 days since November 1979!
The Houthis believe that they can play with the current US administration without any accountability.
They ignore, perhaps, that the (Yemeni) file manager, Timothy Lenderking, has knowledge of Yemen and what is at stake.
Lenderking is not a hawk, but he seems to know that getting the Houthis to negotiate, in a relatively reasonable manner, requires a change in the balance of power on the ground and not more compliance with their demands.
Most important of all, it turns out, based on what is going on in Yemen, that the “Islamic Republic” is playing its cards in the region in a smart way, trying to benefit from the presence of a US administration that has no goal other than to return to the agreement regarding the Iranian nuclear file signed in July 2015.
This is confirmed by what is published from time to time by Rob Malley, who is responsible for the Iranian file in the Joe Biden administration.
Mali belongs to a political school that considers Iran the most important country in the region and that it is always required to appease.
This school represents all the American decades that enabled Iran to pursue its expansion project in the region.
Iran would not have continued this project, which destroyed Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen, had the US administrations not been watching since the days of Jimmy Carter.
In most of the key moments in which relations between Iran after 1979 and the US administrations passed, America acquiesced to the “Islamic Republic” with a few exceptions, including the assassination of Qassem Soleimani, commander of the “Quds Force” in the “Revolutionary Guard” in early 2020.
It started with the behavior of the Jimmy Carter administration when holding American diplomats in Tehran.
The administration of Ronald Reagan was no better.. Withdrew from Lebanon as soon as the bombing of the headquarters of the Marines near Beirut airport on October 23, 1983.
At that time, the journey of transforming Lebanon into a country under the Iranian mandate began.
This was a long journey that passed through the assassination of Rafik Hariri in February 2005, leading to Iran’s control of the presidency in Lebanon starting in 2016.
Certainly, the most important milestone was the administration of George Bush Jr. handing over Iraq to Iran in 2003.
That administration provided the appropriate conditions for a new start to the Iranian expansionist project, which we are witnessing today in Yemen, another chapter of its many chapters.
In short, Iran wants to return to the negotiations related to its nuclear file in Vienna, bearing strong cards that enable it to impose its conditions.
From this point of view, the storming of the US embassy in Sanaa seems to be a test of the pulse for the Biden administration, which seems to have to prove that it is a democratic administration different from the administration of Jimmy Carter … or the administration of Barack Obama.
With each passing day, it becomes clear how important Marib is for the future of Yemen and the future of the Arabian Peninsula, in which Iran has found a foothold.
It is not just about the existence of an American awareness of the danger of Iran controlling part of Yemen and turning it into a missile base and launching drones that threaten the countries of the entire region, especially Saudi Arabia.
It also depends on whether the Joe Biden administration is also interested in maintaining security and stability in the region. This undoubtedly includes freedom of navigation in the Red Sea, where the Iranians control the port of Hodeidah.
In the end, we must return again, for the hundredth time, to the basic question: Is surrender to Iran an American option or not?
What is frightening is that despite the change in the position on Yemen, there is no indication that the Biden administration is ready to take a firm position on the storming of the embassy in Sanaa and the detention of Yemeni employees there.
The US position on the Houthis’ behavior in Sanaa will be a test for the Biden administration and for the US president himself, who has not yet shown any leadership qualities.
This is evidenced by the way of withdrawing from Afghanistan, and the way to deal with the Yemeni issue in general, and the issue of the embassy in Sanaa in particular…
*Quoted from the Kuwaiti newspaper “Al-Rai”