An important discovery on the moon for the first time!

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Researchers have identified cold carbon dioxide traps on the Moon for the first time, after decades of uncertainty about pockets of frozen gas; According to what was reported by “Russia Today”.

And if found to contain solid carbon dioxide, these cold traps will be a vital source of fuel for future lunar explorers, as well as helping scientists better understand how water and other elements form on the moon.

A team of US scientists has found that cold traps are present in permanently shaded regions at the poles, where temperatures can remain steady at -352 degrees Fahrenheit.

The cold traps have an area of ​​78 square miles, with the largest area at Amundsen Crater, which hosts 31 square miles. They are also located in the same traps that contain water ice.

However, the researchers note that: “The presence of cold CO2 traps does not guarantee the presence of solid CO2 on the Moon, but this verification makes it very likely that future missions can find CO2 ice there.”

Scientists have previously argued that cold traps exist on the moon, but the new study is the first to show where they are and provide a map showing the location of each.

The team used 11 years of temperature data from the Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment, an instrument aboard NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, to find the locations of the cold traps.

The data shows that the traps are located in several pockets around the moon’s south poles, according to research published in the journal AGU Geophysical Research Letters.

“I think when I started this, the question was: Can we say with confidence that there are CO2 cold traps on the moon?” Norbert Schorgover, a planetary scientist at the Planetary Science Institute and lead author of the study, said in a statement. Certainly there. We could not have established it, so I think the surprise was that we found neighborhoods that were cold enough, no doubt.”

Planning for future lunar exploration will change completely if scientists can confirm that the traps contain solid carbon dioxide.

The team notes that the frozen gas could be used to produce steel as well as rocket fuel and biomaterials, which would be necessary for the continued robot or human presence on the Moon, the researchers shared in the statement.

Scientists can also study lunar carbon to understand how organic compounds are formed and what kind of molecules can be produced naturally in these harsh environments.

Cold carbon dioxide traps could help answer the long-held question about where the moon got its water from, according to Paul Heine, a planetary scientist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who was not involved in the study.

This will also lead to how water and other volatiles reach the Earth.

“These sites should be a top priority to target for future landing missions,” Hein said.



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