An international report exposes the “Houthis” and reveals the crimes of the militias in Marib

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Human Rights Watch issued its report on human rights violations in Yemen, and the Houthi militia topped the list of violations and crimes against civilians.

Human Rights Watch said in its report, “Today, the armed Houthi movement launched artillery and ballistic missiles indiscriminately at populated areas in the Ma’rib Governorate in Yemen, causing casualties among civilians, including women and children, and a new wave of displacement since September.” .

She pointed out that “the attacks (come) are part of the intense fighting between the Houthis and the Yemeni government and its allies in the vicinity of Ma’rib. The fighting contributes to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions for the millions of civilians and displaced people in this area.”

The organization quoted Afrah Nasser, Yemen researcher at Human Rights Watch, as saying: “Civilians and displaced people in Marib have been caught in the crossfire for nearly two years, and some of them suffer severe deprivation. The Houthis’ repeated indiscriminate attacks on civilians and the denial of humanitarian access has become a shameful pattern added to the situation. The group’s miserable human rights record.

She noted that the military advance of the Houthi forces to seize Marib, the governorate rich in natural resources 170 km east of Sanaa, and one of the last strongholds of the Yemeni government forces, began in 2020 and has increased in intensity since February. Since October, Houthi forces have taken control of Rib in southern Ma’rib governorate, while fighting continues in the Juba and Jabal Murad districts, displacing 93,000 civilians who have fled their homes in search of safety in the northern city of Ma’rib, which is already hosting two million displaced people. .

She explained that the fighting continues on the ground between the Houthi armed group and the Yemeni government forces, as the Houthi forces are besieging the governorate on three fronts: Al-Jawf in the north, Al-Bayda in the south, and Sirwah and Nehm in the west.

The international organization quoted witnesses as saying: “Houthi forces besieged 35,000 civilians in Abdiya for at least three weeks in October, preventing them from leaving or entering it, as well as preventing the entry of food, oil, and other goods.” She referred to the report of the “Association of Mothers of Abductees”, founded in 2017, by women who have detained relatives who are often forcibly disappeared, which said that Houthi forces are detaining 47 people, including children. Their relatives know nothing about them since their arrest.

According to the report, Human Rights Watch interviewed three witnesses to the aftermath of the attacks, five Yemeni aid workers in Marib, and four journalists in Marib. The sources said that Houthi forces fired artillery indiscriminately at the districts of Abdiya and Juba, and fired ballistic missiles at Marib in October. In March 2021, Human Rights Watch documented previous unlawful Houthi attacks on Marib city and its suburbs.

She stressed that “under international humanitarian law, indiscriminate attacks are those that are not directed at military objects, and use methods of combat that cannot be directed at civilian objects, and thus strike military objects and civilians or civilian objects without discrimination.”

She added: “October was the bloodiest in years in the governorate, with the death toll of 100 civilians, including children, killed or injured. On October 3, the Yemeni government authorities said that three Houthi missiles fell on Al-Rawda neighborhood in the city of Marib, killing two children and wounding 33 people, including children.

According to the organization’s report, the brother of a 14-year-old boy who was wounded in the hand by the strike told Human Rights Watch: “My brother was playing with other children in the neighborhood, in the heart of Ma’rib city, when the missile landed and destroyed at least ten houses in a residential area far from the front lines. “. In March 2021, Human Rights Watch documented previous unlawful Houthi attacks on Marib city and its suburbs.

The report added: Four journalists told Human Rights Watch that on October 13, Houthi forces fired a missile that hit a hospital in Abdiya, the only large health center in the area that is clearly a hospital and is located 10 kilometers from the front. Doctors Without Borders condemned the raid in a tweet a few days later. The government health office in Marib said in a statement that the Houthi attack caused severe damage to the hospital and forced the authorities to evacuate patients, including wounded Houthi fighters. No injuries were reported.

The organization’s report added: Human Rights Watch spoke with a man who fled with his family from Ya’arah village in al-Juba on October 27 due to Houthi artillery shelling approaching their home. He said his village was 10 kilometers from the front when he fled to the village of Al-Amoud, 20 kilometers from the fighting. He added, “The night we decided to flee from Ya’arah to al-Amoud in al-Juba, shrapnel hit and injured my son. We went down to al-Amoud with relatives. On October 28, a missile landed on the column in the evening, killing 12 of my relatives and friends. Miraculously, I wasn’t there that evening.”

He continued, “Human Rights Watch reviewed 12 photos sent directly to researchers, showing the aftermath of the strike, the ruins of at least one building, and aid workers searching among the rubble.” According to the metadata associated with the photos, these photos are from October 29.

The report confirmed: Three videos posted on Twitter by journalists on October 29 and 30 show similar scenes. By comparing the mountains, houses, and trees in the photos and videos, Human Rights Watch confirmed that the videos and photos are of the village of Al-Amoud, 20 kilometers south of the city of Ma’rib. No military targets in the area appear in these photos and videos.

The international organization quoted local media as saying that “a Houthi raid killed a child and wounded three others on October 24 in Al-Abdiyyah, and that another Houthi missile killed a civilian and destroyed four homes and a mosque in Al-Juba on October 27.” The BBC reported that a Houthi ballistic missile fell on a religious school and a mosque on October 31 in al-Juba, killing 29 civilians who were hiding there from the fighting.

Human Rights Watch used the testimonies of aid workers, who confirmed that “civilians who fled from Abdiya at the end of October to the city of Marib reported a three-week siege by Houthi forces, during which civilians were trapped and basic goods were denied entry. Aid workers said that villagers said that their village had no military equipment or fighters, but that Houthi forces surrounded them to force them to join it. They added that the displaced were suffering from malnutrition and diseases and did not have money, and that some women were in dire need of reproductive health services.”

The report pointed out that “telephone and internet communications were severely disrupted in Marib governorate during September and October, and Houthi drones reportedly destroyed communications wires in Marib.”

An aid worker in the Yemeni government’s “Executive Unit for the Management of Displaced Persons Camps” said that thousands of families are still trapped in villages south of Ma’rib, as Houthi forces block roads, restrict transportation, and attack civilians fleeing north. He said that more than 90,000 people have been displaced, 93% of whom have not received shelter services, and 70% have not received food. He said that 96% do not have access to drinking or use water, and 98% do not have access to water tanks, bathrooms, or classrooms, according to the organization’s report.

In turn, international relief agencies expressed their concern on November 3 about the humanitarian situation in and around Marib, and said in a statement: “The humanitarian needs in the city of Marib far outweigh the possibilities on the ground. The city hosts overcrowded camps for displaced people, and has overburdened public and health services systems. fragile infrastructure and an increasingly vulnerable host society.

The organization said that “Yemen has the fourth largest number of displaced people around the world due to conflicts, with more than 4 million displaced people. An aid worker told Human Rights Watch that Marib has the largest number of displaced people in Yemen, while the fighting there is causing another displacement movement south in Abyan governorate.

The organization referred to the announcement of the coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which said that it had carried out raids against Houthi forces in Al-Juba, Al-Kasara and Al-Abdiya in recent months, which led to the killing of hundreds of Houthi forces. And the “Yemen Data Project” reported in mid-October that the area witnessed about 27 air raids per day, the highest number of individual raids carried out by the coalition in one month since July 2020, and 34 raids affected Al-Juba District alone.

In November, the United Nations Security Council published a statement calling on all parties to stop the escalation, including an immediate end to the Houthi escalation in Marib.

“With winter approaching, the newly displaced people desperately need an immediate and comprehensive response by aid agencies. Houthi forces should immediately end their indiscriminate attacks and allow humanitarian aid to enter civilians across Marib,” Nasser said, according to the report published on the Human Rights Watch website. Watch.



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