The wedge between legitimacy and the achievement of its goals.. The most important and valuable goals of liberation, cutting off the hand and expanding the Iranian project, was the signing of an agreement to abort liberation, in the hands of legitimacy and international pens.
The Stockholm Agreement on Hodeidah is entering its third year, while the failure to implement the agreement still exists, in light of the Houthis’ violations, their rejection of all opportunities for peace, and their continuation to commit daily crimes and violations against innocent civilians in Hodeidah and the West Coast districts, resulting in casualties due to the deliberate bombing of housing neighborhoods, sniping operations and laying mines.
Demanding the cancellation of the Sweden agreement
In recent months, the Houthis escalated the fighting in several Yemeni cities, with the intensification of confrontations towards the oil city of Ma’rib. Voices called for canceling the Sweden agreement, and for the option of a military solution to complete the liberation of the city of Hodeidah and its port, in addition to completing the liberation of Taiz, leading to the restoration of the state and the liberation of the capital Sana’a, and forcing the militia subject to international decisions.
With the signing of the Stockholm Agreement between the Yemeni government and the Houthis under the auspices of the United Nations in December 2018, the joint forces backed by the Arab coalition stopped completing the “liberation of Hodeidah.” The Houthis took advantage of the positions in which they were stationed on the contact lines, in violation of the agreement and committing crimes and continuous violations against innocent civilians in the coastal districts. The militia intensified its escalation and military movements in several cities, in light of international efforts to stop the war that exhausted the Yemenis.
International complicity under humanitarian pretexts
The UN committee in charge of monitoring the ceasefire in Hodeidah seemed weak in the face of Houthi violations, as the headquarters of the UN committee in the center of the city of Hodeidah under the control of the Houthi militia, which seems to have allowed the Houthis to control and direct the movement of the committee members in the same way they followed with the former UN envoy Martin Griffith, who played a role in stopping the confrontations with the Houthi militia, the UN envoy moved with unusual enthusiasm to stop the confrontations, days after the victories achieved by the joint forces in the battle to liberate Hodeidah.
Griffith presented many pretexts, which apparently carried humanitarian and moral calculations in not destroying the city of Hodeidah, preserving the safety of civilians, and the continued flow of relief and commercial materials to the port, in light of a clear Houthi entrenchment in residential neighborhoods, digging tunnels in public streets, and distributing snipers on the roofs of residents’ buildings by force. And the displacement of many families in the areas of confrontation.. But it was clear that the pretexts that Griffith quickly presented were aimed at recapturing the Houthis, and re-arranging their ranks following the defeats inflicted on them by the joint forces and the heavy losses incurred by the militia. These pretexts also aimed to support The Houthis have enabled them to maintain their control over the port of Hodeidah, which, according to economic experts, generates about 9 billion riyals monthly, which is used to finance the war against Yemenis, in addition to using the port to smuggle weapons from Iran.
While the joint forces began, after the Stockholm Agreement, to secure the liberated areas and remove thousands of mines planted by the Houthi militia everywhere, they are now standing at the gates of the city of Hodeidah from three directions, and all eyes are directed towards the port to liberate it and end the looting of its large revenues, and end the Houthi militia’s control On this important port, where the Houthi militia, since its control of Hodeidah and its port in October 2014, has continued to loot humanitarian aid and impose exorbitant taxes and customs on merchants that affect the citizen. and commercial.
International navigation is in danger
The port of Hodeidah is the first passage to all Yemeni islands of strategic depth, the most important of which are the Greater and Lesser Hanish Island, and Jabal Zuqar, which rises more than 3,700 feet above sea level. Houthis to launch attacks against international shipping, as well as use it as an arms smuggling line.
The militia was able to control the islands of strategic depth, and this represents a threat to maritime navigation in Bab al-Mandab or the Suez Canal and imposed a maritime strategy on the countries of the region and the world.
A lightning battle to liberate Hodeidah
In early June 2018, the Arab coalition forces announced the launch of the “Golden Victory” battle, which aimed to complete the liberation of the western coast to Al Hudaydah Governorate, and to extend control north of the governorate to the city of Haradh, near the Saudi border.
With the start of the battle to liberate Hodeidah from Mocha, the joint forces, with the support and backing of the Arab coalition and with intense air cover, were able, and within a short period, to liberate Al-Khoukha, Hais, Al-Tahita and Al-Durayhimi. The joint forces took control of it, and began digging tunnels inside the city in order to turn the confrontations into a long-term street war, but the forces managed to reach the 50th Street and Kilo 16 and take control of Hodeidah Airport and military sites near the airport, and the parade platform, and the joint forces were about to take control of the city. Hodeidah port is the second most important port in Yemen. Then came international pressures and interventions.
With the failure of the Stockholm Agreement, in light of the Houthi violations, the escalation in several cities, and the increase in human suffering, voices will continue to rise calling for canceling the agreement and completing the battle to liberate Hodeidah and Taiz all the way to Sanaa.