A recent report by the United Nations Population Fund revealed that the war ignited by the Houthi militia in Yemen has caused the collapse of the protection mechanism for women in Yemen, and with it more than six million Yemenis have become in dire need of protection, and estimates indicate that one in five Yemenis suffers from mental disorders due to Violence and deprivation resulting from seven years of conflict.
In the report distributed by the United Nations Office for Humanitarian Affairs, the Fund stresses that displacement and the breakdown of protection mechanisms, resulting from nearly seven years of conflict, have significantly increased women and girls’ exposure to violence and abuse.
While the report indicates that there are about 6.1 million women in dire need of protection, it said that violence and deprivation also affect the mental health of Yemenis. It is estimated that one in five people suffers from a mental health disorder, yet mental health services remain scarce.
According to the report, the US Agency for International Development’s Office of Humanitarian Aid contributed $5 million at the end of September to the United Nations Population Fund, to provide reproductive health services and life-saving protection to more than 300,000 of the most vulnerable women and girls in Yemen over the next twelve months. However, “the lack of funding continues to undermine life-saving services for women and girls in the country.”
The UN report warns that the health system in Yemen is in a deplorable state, a situation exacerbated by the Corona pandemic, and says that reproductive health services in particular have been affected by this, as estimates show that 5 million women and girls of reproductive age, and 1.7 million pregnant and lactating women They have limited or no access to reproductive health services, given that only 20 percent of functioning health facilities provide maternal and child health services.
The report talked about the suffering of women and girls in Yemen and said, “They face multiple threats from conflict, famine and the Corona epidemic” that affect them greatly. However, programs related to providing the services women and girls need are severely underfunded even though they are the only provider of essential life-saving reproductive health medicines in Yemen and lead the coordination and provision of reproductive health and protection services for women across the country. However, these programs received only 41 percent of the funding needed to meet these needs during the current year.
In its report, the UN Fund considered that the support it received from the US Agency for Development will help provide emergency health care for maternity and mothers in 14 hospitals and two mobile health clinics in eight governorates, targeting areas where the needs are most severe.
Six safe spaces for women and girls will be supported to provide psychosocial care, legal aid, medical services and livelihood opportunities, while mental health services will be supported in two specialized mental care centres.
For its part, the Yemen Humanitarian Fund and the Central Emergency Response Fund stated that, until last month, they jointly provided nearly $95.9 million for life-saving aid in Yemen this year, as this funding was allocated to provide life-saving services to about 10.2 million people in need, including In some hard-to-reach areas.
He stated that in the middle of this year he allocated nearly $40 million to UN agencies and partners in response to large-scale displacement and further deterioration in the living conditions of the already displaced population in Al-Jawf and Marib governorates.
These measures, according to the report, aimed to immediately expand response capacity by providing air transportation and logistical support to humanitarian partners, and providing life-saving, multi-sectoral services to more than 7,680,000 people in need.