The Yemeni issue, as we are watching it, is thorny, and what made it so complicated are two main factors. First, despite the difference in power between the legitimacy supported by the military coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Houthi group “Ansar Allah,” the military coalition’s observance of international and humanitarian law to protect civilians from targeting and damage necessitates the use of careful force that avoids hitting civilians and residential areas. The problem is that the Houthis, as is Iran’s well-known strategy, hide their elements among civilians, and deliberately store their weapons inside residential neighborhoods. This moral difference between the two sides is a major reason for delaying the resolution and prolonging the war.
The second factor in the difficulty of resolving the Yemeni file is the lax international position during the past years. Every UN envoy was keen to continue dialogue with Al-Houthi, fearing that they would close the door to negotiations if the envoy revealed the abstract truth as it is and as he knows it and we know it, which is that the Houthis do not take a political solution seriously, do not aspire to a peaceful solution, and do not have the decision of war and peace. The reports issued by the concerned authorities at the United Nations, especially during the first four years of the war that began with the Houthi group taking over power in 2014, equated legitimacy with the Houthis in rights, duties, responsibilities and behavior, and just as they condemned militia practices, they also condemned the government in the right to defend its legitimacy.
On the last anniversary of the September 26 revolution, the Houthi group “Ansar Allah” targeted the house of Sultan Al-Arada, the governor of Ma’rib Governorate, with two ballistic missiles. And at the beginning of this October, the group launched three ballistic missiles at the residential neighborhood of al-Rawdah in Marib, targeting the house of Chief of Staff Saghir Aziz, and the homes of civilians. Two days ago, the convoy of the governor of Aden Governorate, the temporary capital, targeted Ahmed Lamles with a car bomb, and five people were killed, not including the governor, and injured, and the homes of the people were destroyed. The Houthis are committing political assassinations, to intimidate members of the government and legitimacy officials, and push them to stay outside Yemen, to lower the morale of the Yemeni army forces, and Yemenis in general, and to disrupt the work of legitimacy in its positions. Al-Houthi wishes that members of the legitimate government and city governors remain outside Yemen. This is a great moral victory for them, because it confirms their influence and dominance.
Although Riyadh mainly contributes to protecting the lives of civilians from hunger, disease and paralysis of education, by spending billions of dollars from the King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action, and field cooperation with UNICEF to protect children from militia kidnappings for their recruitment, it also plays an essential political role, to clarify the fact What is happening in the Yemeni arena for the international community. The frantic activity of Saudi diplomacy over the past two years has shaped a largely fair international view of the conflict… the latest of which was the movement that led to the refusal to extend the work of international and regional experts to investigate human rights violations, which was formed by a decision of the United Nations Human Rights Council in In 2017. The concerned countries, such as Saudi Arabia and Yemen, agreed and cooperated with the team in its first year, before it issued a biased report to whitewash Houthi crimes. The team was misleading the facts, transgressing its powers, and a reason for Al-Houthi’s escape from humanitarian responsibility before the international community for the crimes he committed, including killing, intimidating, starving and looting people’s capabilities. In return for the Human Rights Council’s majority refusal to extend this team, the Council also recorded a positive position with the decision to support building the capacity of the National Committee to investigate allegations of human rights violations, which is the Yemeni National Committee that began its work in 2015, and is based in the city of Aden, and submits its reports periodically, And it is open to any international participation or comments on its work, for more credibility and transparency. What happened in the council’s forty-eighth session is unprecedented, as it is the first time since the council’s establishment in 2006 that a draft resolution has been rejected, and this is an indication of the confidence of the member states in the Yemeni National Committee, and their interest in technical support, especially technical support, to accomplish its tasks. Council took the trouble to support.
International powers today have become more objective and impartial in seeing the facts, and the statements issued during the past months by the United States and European countries herald an unprecedented awakening in the conflict we are living in its seventh year, and an explicit condemnation of Houthi terrorism and war crimes against defenseless Yemenis, and against civilian areas in Saudi cities. .